The ancient polis of Croton, a colony founded by Achaeans in Bruttium, exerted influence over a vast area in southern Italy from the end of the 6th to about the middle of the 5th century BC. Towards the end of the 5th century BC, the power structures in the region reorganized and the poleis of Taranto, Thurium and Heraclea gained influence. At the same time, with the strengthening of Dionysius I of Syracuse on the one hand and Lucanians on the other, further sources of conflict arose. The Crotoniates adapted to the political power and the resulting economic changes, which were also reflected in the monetary evidence at the end of the 5th/ beginning of the 4th century BC. Incorporating the historical background, this study attempts to examine the early incuse coinage of Croton and its images.