My research is based on recently collected but not yet published data on coin finds from the rural hinterland of the German part of the Lower Rhine limes, i.e. from the villa landscape in the loess area. The monetization of this area has not been studied yet, as numismatic research is focused on the forts and urban centres on the Rhine. The composition of the data is unique, since it includes Celtic and Roman coins from amateur metal detectorist finds, excavations and local museum collections.
This paper uses this data to address questions concerning the spread and development of coin use from the early Roman period up to the 5th century. Of special interest are spatial concentrations and differences in chronological and denominational patterns displayed by different types of rural settlements (vici, villae rusticae, rural sanctuaries). For this purpose, the techniques developed in applied numismatics have been used.