Sep 11 – 16, 2022
University of Warsaw
Europe/Warsaw timezone

Viking-Age German coins struck on square flans – purely a Nordic imitation phenomenon?

Sep 13, 2022, 11:20 AM
Auditorium Maximum - Hall D

Auditorium Maximum - Hall D


Eeva Jonsson (University of Turku)


There is a small group of Sancta Colonia imitations struck on square flans. They are heavy and their style is barbarized and it is supposed that they are of Nordic origin. However, the best known group of German imitations struck on square flans are Duisburg imitations, probably produced somewhere in southern Scandinavia. Furthermore, there are some Goslar and other imitations which I believe are technologically close to their prototypes struck in Germany and could be considered as German. The paper will present a survey of German imitations on square flans from Swedish and Finnish finds and discuss their dating and origin.

Primary author

Eeva Jonsson (University of Turku)

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