Studies on the monetary circulation of Ancient Armenia have been scarce until today. This paper addresses the state of research by putting forward initial insights into the monetary circulation of the Greater Armenian Kingdomthrough the analysis of hoards dated from the 1st century BCE to 428 CE. Located at the limits of the Roman Empire and on the edges of the Parthian Empire, the Greater Armenian Kingdom is an important case study because of its geographical location and geopolitical landscape. The paper investigates the impact of the fall of the Armenian Artašesian Royal Dynasty around the beginning of the Christian Era on the monetary circulation and more specifically how the lack of Armenian issues affected the use of other coinages within the Kingdom. These data are the results of the ongoing Marie Curie Project ROCCAA held at the Ashmolean Museum of Oxford University.