The material covered by our analysis includes finds from Lesser Poland, the historical and geographic provinces which takes in the present-day voivodeships of Poland: Lesser Poland, Subcarpathian, a large part of Świętokrzyskie, Lublin, as well as southern part of Masovia and the eastern areas of Silesia. As compared to other regions of Poland (Pomerania, Greater Poland, Central Poland, Silesia), the number of coin hoards containing Islamic coins and their isolated finds from Lesser Poland is negligible. According to the "Frühmittelalterliche Münzfunde aus Kleinpolen" inventory (FMP. Inventar I, 2013) out of 121 finds, only 13 sites with dirhams have been recorded, including two hoards of Islamic coins from Lublin-Czechów (tpq 882/3) and Przemyśl (tpq ca. 10th c.), six hoards of a mixed composition (three of them date to the 11th c.) and a few single finds. The paper seeks to recover the circulation of Islamic coins in the Middle Ages in Lesser Poland.